afrikaans vs dutch

Seventy percent... It’s carnival season around the world and many people’s eyes turn to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, home to the largest celebration... Harry Potter in Translation: From Serpentard to Rumpledunk, The Ubiquitous Pencil: Still Going Strong after More than Five Centuries of Use, What the British Really Mean When They Say Certain Things, The Prague Carnival: A Costume Party in the Streets, The Minions’ language is a combination of French, Spanish, English… and food references. The simple past tense is dropped for all the verbs except for seven modal verbs. The English term dins, written as dienst in Dutch turns into diens in Afrikaans. When or appears between vowels, they are dropped in Afrikaans, thus, regen or rain and hoger that translates to higher becomes reën and hoër. In this case it becomes . The same is also true with ending syllabic clusters, such as lucht that becomes lug or air in English. As noted by Google, Afrikaans is “derived from Dutch”, so the saving grace is that the language is still very relevant to the Netherlands. The Dutch language, however, is spoken by close to 29 million people word-wide if you also count second-language speakers and over 40 million if you include the very closely related Afrikaans … Well, Afrikaans and Dutch are actually very closely related, and there is a high degree of mutual intelligiblity -- so much, in fact, that before WW2 Afrikaans was officially classified as a … Likewise, it is spoken in Malawi, Lesotho, Germany, Canada, Botswana, Belgium and Australia. The written form of it can be understood by those who speak Dutch. Afrikaans and Dutch — what is the connection? It was so cute. All material on this website (DutchReview) is strictly copyright and all rights reserved. Most of the language evolved from the combination of Hollands and Dutch Afrikaans. I hope this musing makes it easier for South Africans to explain and for Dutchies to understand — after all, in a way, we are family! You Better be Aware of These 7 Details, The Top Ten Sexiest Languages in the World, 13 Things You Need to Know About Dating a Latino. Rooted together, but different. The name Afrikaans is simply the Dutch word for African, and the language is the African form of Dutch. Image Copyright: homophoticus / 123RF Stock Photo. Here’s a little taster of what I mean: I think the general gist here is that like my cousins, Afrikaans and Dutch are not twins, but they are in fact sisters. While many people welcomed the court’s decision, many more were against it. Later, Afrikaans was sometimes called "African Dutch" or "Kitchen Dutch". The history part in the Wiki-article and the article by M. Bas give a pretty good and short oversight. Afrikaans, however, is less like a dialect and more like an extremely similar language to Dutch. As noted by Google, Afrikaans is “derived from Dutch”, so the saving grace is that the language is still very relevant to the Netherlands. Today, Afrikaans, the Afrikaner language, is one of … Most of the words in the Afrikaans language have Dutch origins. ), likes travel and languages. Afrikaans does not have grammatical gender, while the same forms of verbs are used for the present and infinitive tenses. The expanded use of Afrikaans was due to its use in TV, radio programs and newspapers. Some of the simplifications that happened: Phonetically, also simplified many consonant clusters when located at the end of words. Due to the simplifications in spelling and phonetic evolutions of Afrikaans, it became different to Dutch. Afrikaans is a language originating in South Africa that is one of our twelve official languages (yes, twelve — hello Rainbow Nation!). The first translation of the Bible in the Afrikaans language was published in 1933. The original European settlers in 1652 spoke Dutch, which eventually evolved into Afrikaans, but in 1822 the British gained control and proclaimed English as the language of the schools, churches and government. Around 10.3 million students study Afrikaans as a second language. Proper noun. As a language spoken as a second or third tongue, it is the major language of the provinces of the Western Cape and Northern Cape, the western part of the country. That said though, the basis of Afrikaans does mean South Africans will be able to pick up Dutch a bit easier — so there is that little advantage. Read More on This Topic West Germanic languages: Afrikaans In terms of vocab, it definitely helps to know Afrikaans. Afrikaans developed from Hollandic (Hollands), a vernacular of the Dutch language, which is spoken is South Holland. Part of the same family tree, but different branches on the tree. High school was huge, with ugly uncomfortable uniforms, sports-obsessed, competitive, strict, racist and extremely conservative. Afrikaans definition, an official language of South Africa, developed out of the speech of 17th-century settlers from Holland and still very like Dutch. South Africa speaks 11 languages officially: Afrikaans, Ndebele, English, Northern Soho, Swazi, Sotho, Tsonga, Venda, Tswama, Zulu and Xhosa. Initial syllable in Dutch, such as in school becomes as in skool in Afrikaans. On the other hand, speakers of Afrikaans might not be able to readily comprehend the Dutch language. © 2019 All Rights Reserved. I briefly touched the matter of omdat and want earlier, in the post about conjunctions, but it turned out to be a bit more complex than I thought.I found the explanation which made it quite clear to me on the forum of dutchgrammar.com.Just in case, I’ve decided to copy part of the conversation here, but please visit the forum of dutchgrammar.com for the original posts and more. When my two female cousins were younger, they used to dress identically. Open Mic vol 1 – Interviewing Mr Sean Hopwood, Translating Mandarin: How Linguistic Works, How to Kick off your Career as a Professional Interpreter, Baie – many, very or much (Dutch – erg or veel), Sambreel – umbrella (Portuguese – sombreiro), Kraal – cattle enclosure or pen (Portuguese – curral), Fundi – subject matter expert or student (Zulu – umfundi), Tjailatyd or Tjaila – to go home (Chaila). Feature Image: 534131/Pixabay. Get a 5% lifetime discount now! From then until 1994, Afrikaans and English were the … He has a kick-ass YouYube channel (170K+ subscribers) with tons of handy videos about learning Dutch. Also mentioned was the fact that they want equality, and since it would be unfair to other native languages to be singled out, the schools decided that it is a better option to use English. This is kind of what it’s like with Afrikaans and Dutch. Another different is that there is no longer any distinction between the present perfect use of the verbs ”to have” (hebben) and ”to be” (zijn). English words for af include off, down, on, out and ready. A Germanic language descending from Dutch; the primary language of the descendants of Dutch and other European settlers, as well as many mixed-race (e.g. An estimated 90 to 95% of the Afrikaans lexicon is ultimately of Dutch origin, and there are few lexical differences between the two languages. ), Do you like living in the Netherlands? The spelling is also different from the Dutch standard. If the appears at the end of a word, it is often dropped as well, and the preceding vowel would be written with a circumflex, like the verb zeg that is replaced in Afrikaans by sê. Despite the number of current speakers of Afrikaans, as a first, second or third language, the South African courts allowed the University of Pretoria (UP) and the University of Stellenbosch (US) to abolish the use of Afrikaans as their medium of instruction. Overall, around 15 million to 23 million people speak Afrikaans. From then until 1994, Afrikaans and English were the official languages of South Africa. But wait… Afrikaans vs. Dutch: Over the years, Afrikaans has adopted words from different languages including German, but it has still failed to develop a new identity for itself that can distance it from Dutch. Aside from the mentioned areas, Afrikaans is spoken in Zimbabwe, Zambia, the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and the Netherlands. Afrikaans and English are the only Indo-European languages among the many official languages of South Africa. Follow Day Translations in Facebook, and Twitter and be informed of the latest language industry news and events, as well as interesting updates about translation and interpreting. Afrikaans more black than white. After the 1994 elections, English became the main language used in government. Much of the terminologies used by the medical and scientific worlds are in English. After a month I could follow 95%. But using the right grammar is hard: it’s not only about learning, it is also about unlearning grammar of the Afrikaans language with similarities. It is likewise a second language in Namibia. Get exclusive access to industry news, discounts and deals straight to your inbox, The lovable characters from “Despicable Me” are finally having their spin off movie. About 13.5% of South Africa’s population are native speakers of Afrikaans. The language is generally used in South Africa and Namibia. One older, loves windmills and clogs, probably the parental favourite and one younger, has a sweet tooth (Google an Afrikaans koeksister! The written Dutch words are often In 1961, South Africa became a republic and Afrikaans language included Dutch, which was later dropped in 1984. The spoken Dutch word, however, can be mind boggling! Although Afrikaans is a daughter of Dutch, Dutch speakers might take some time to understand the language but they can understand Afrikaans. All together Afrikaans speakers have different challenges and strengths when learning Dutch. . By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Most of them understand a lot. Afrikaans has a considerably more regular morphology, grammar, and spelling. Some of these include: From the Portuguese language are words such as: The Khoisan languages gave some more words, such as: These words can also be found in the Dutch language. 20-something year old traveller, coconut lover (Seriously-anything coconut), and Libran. Some came from the Khoisan languages, German, Malay, Portuguese and several Bantu languages, with about 90% to 95% derived from Dutch. Afrikaans belongs to the Indo European language family’s West Germanic branch, along with English. Learn how your comment data is processed. There is a degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, particularly in written form. English: Afrikaans is one of the eleven official languages in South Africa and also the biggest, but not an official language of Namibia. That’s from the Netherlands, of course, New Zealand’s namesake: how the Dutch named NZ, Trip down memory lane: The Hague in 1937 (video inside! Unlike in standard Dutch, Afrikaans uses double negative. It is recognized as a regional language in Namibia together with German, while English is the official language used in the government. They belong to different language families and their origins date back…, Well ladies and gentlemen, our poll to find the world’s sexiest language has finally come to a close. In need of a translation or interpreting service? The same is not true with Afrikaans. Editor’s Note: This article was originally published in February 2019 but was updated in October 2020 for your reading pleasure. For 15 years (1910-1925), the two official languages in South Africa were English and Dutch. I passionately hated both my Afrikaans mainstream primary and high-schools. It’s a language tied to a lot of South Africa’s past and remains a very relevant language (despite informal arguments that it’s a dying language). It is considered a daughter of the Dutch language and was called previously as Cape Dutch because the settlers were concentrated in Cape Town. If you have found material on this website which is copyrighted by others, please contact the webmaster on this matter in order to have it removed. Hollandic was the main language of the Dutch settlers in the country. It uses the present tense or the present perfect based on context and the pluperfect is already omitted. In 1961, South Africa became a republic and Afrikaans language included Dutch, which was later dropped in 1984. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, the publisher cannot accept responsibility for omissions and errors. Afrikaans became a part of Dutch in 1925 but it later replaced Dutch, as the latter was no longer used. Afrikaans and English were the official languages of South Africa. But Dutch speakers would not be able to recognize, woonstel, hysbak and rekenaar that are the equivalents of those Dutch words. It is an official language of South Africa, spoken by around 6 million people as their first language.”. If I had to sum myself up in three words they would be: quirky, curious, and meme-lover. The universities said that they are accelerating the plans for English to take a more prominent position in the university because English is one of the world’s most spoken languages, a lingua franca around the world and continues to be the language of global business. What Are The Most Important Languages of The 21st Century? Although Afrikaans is very similar to Dutch, it is clearly a separate language, differing from Standard Dutch in its sound system and its loss of case and gender distinctions. That’s basically Dutch!” — to which I smile, nod and respond with what is, in essence, a white lie: “Yes! eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'dutchreview_com-banner-1','ezslot_2',107,'0','0']));The root of the language is Dutch: a result of Dutch colonisers from the 17th century. But since my cousins were siblings and not identical twins, it didn’t take long for people to realise they were actually very different. They have advantages and disadvantages when learning Dutch: their vocabulary expands very fast because of similarities. Apparently it is also easier to learn Dutch in the Netherlands than it is to do so in Belgium…, That is why we offer Dutch classes specially for Afrikaans speakers! The mutual intelligibility is more apparent in the written rather than the spoken form of Afrikaans and Dutch. It’s the same for bruggen and brûe, which in English is bridge/s. contact@daytranslations.com   Call Us 1-800-969-6853. Afrikaans is a daughter language of Dutch and—unlike Netherlands Dutch, Belgian Dutch and Surinamese Dutch—a separate standard language rather than a national variety. Beside those 6 million there are also 10 million people that speak Afrikaans as a secondary language, often next to English, Xhosa or Zulu. Dutchies haven’t had it entirely wrong all this time. Again, a few words here and there will be easily decipherable as these are almost the exact same spelling in Afrikaans, but the majority of Dutch is as difficult for an Afrikaans-speaking South African to learn and understand as it is for a German expat, for example. As you can imagine, outsiders often confused the two. Interesting, right? Although there are of course many similarities, they are officially listed as different languages for a reason.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'dutchreview_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',168,'0','0'])); But before we get going, if you’re interested in learning Dutch — online and in real-time — you might want to check out Learn Dutch by Bart de Pau. No more! There is no distinction between the object and subject form of personal pronouns in the plural form. One of the major differences between the two languages lies in grammar and morphology of Afrikaans. From the languages of the Bantu, Afrikaans adapted the following words: As earlier mentioned, the mutual intelligibility between Afrikaans and Dutch is more on the written than the spoken language. *. Afrikaans, a creole of Dutch, is spoken by 6 million people in South Africa as a mother tongue. If you are dissatisfied with the website or any content or materials on it, your sole exclusive remedy is to discontinue your use of the website. The schools say that the demand for Afrikaans as the medium of instruction is dwindling. Feel free to ask any South Africans you may know for further insight into the challenges and similarities between the languages — a popular favourite is also to do the Afrikaans-Dutch conversation exchange and see what is the same and what is different. English VS Afrikaans During week 4, My lecturer Viktor lectured us on language planning in ex-colonies. What do you need to know about the Netherlands? Afrikaans merged and to become a voiced “v” therefore work is pronounced ”vɛrk” in South Africa while it is pronounced as ”wɛrk” in Dutch. On the other hand, when a vowel is an open syllable, a circumflex is added, such as in the English word “world” that is wereld in Dutch and wêreld in Afrikaans. It is also spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, but not extensively. Opposition says that it will make the language lose traction in the multi-language country, but some believe that if Afrikaans continues to be spoken as a mother language at home, it will survive. I recently made the cross-continent move to Amsterdam and spend my weekends exploring the country, meeting new people and telling myself I will finish a book every month (a promise I'm yet to keep). So what…, Are you dating a Latino? Introduction []. The more pronounced are the grammar differences between the two languages. You probably find the accent sexy, their sense of style appealing and the whole situation…, Are you interested in translation work? Really nice article!!! Find more Dutch words at wordhippo.com! Because of the simplification of the many of the words and verb forms Afrikaans and the influences of other languages, Dutch speakers would not be able to pick up that many cognates in Afrikaans, but they would still manage to understand the context of the sentences. I’m writing this article to finally expose the truth: No. Most people in South Africa speak one or two official languages, except for about two percent. While English will be used in the University of Pretoria, the University of Stellenbosch would retain Afrikaans if there is a demand for it. Dutch fricatives and became a single sound , except when it comes before . They both agree that it is basically western (south western dialects) Dutch dialects. A term sometimes used of people from South Africa and Namibia (who speak Afrikaans), more properly called "Afrikaans … After doing a bit of research on the two languages it strikes me that the vocabulary is 80-90% identical, with minor spelling differences. They see it as the death of Afrikaans. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Towards the end he spoke about the economic crisis in South Africa during the 90`s. Many of the Colored and Afrikaners in South Africa spoke Afrikaans as their first language. See more. The second vowel has a trema in order to avoid confusion, as there are digraphs such as and . But, no more white lies. Many people, including the Dutch, seem to have the idea that Afrikaans is practically identical to Dutch. It is the first language of the large portions of black South Africans, Asian South Africans, White South Africans and Colored (often spelled as Coloured) South Africans. So, with that said, if you’re not busy learning a language you can always read more about language on DutchReview. Sort of.”. Some parts of Afrikaans and Dutch are incredibly similar. The analogies could go on and on! Native speakers of English and Bantu languages are also second language speakers of Afrikaans. But I can do that with German people too (but i have a small background in German), though Dutch is much easier. Afrikaans is a southern African language. Afrikaans is more difficult for Dutch speakers than vice versa. It’s the third most spoken language in South Africa and has the broadest racial and geographical distribution among all the languages spoken in the country. It’s been 20 years since the first Harry Potter novel came out in 1997. I have to agree with you. Several arguments were presented and debated. What makes it more nuanced is that not all South Africans speak Afrikaans as their first language with native proficiency. The Germanic languages is a group including English, Dutch, German, and Afrikaans, among others. However, Afrikaans grammar is ultimately significantly more simplified than Dutch grammar, so on the basis I would suspect Dutch would have an easier time understanding Afrikaans than vice versa. The conflict and rivalry between English - and Afrikaans-speakers goes to the heart of the history of white South Africa. We're constantly hunting for the latest, greatest, and most Dutch spots for our readers. In fact, much like two siblings dressed identically, Afrikaans and Dutch are similar but not twins. I’ve had to invoke the use of the Google dictionary to best explain this: “Afrikaans:  a language of southern Africa, derived from the form of Dutch brought to the Cape by Protestant settlers in the 17th century. Coloured South Africans is a mixed ethnic group the ancestry of which came from indigenous Xhosa and Khoisan people, colonizers from Europe, and slaves brought in by the Dutch East Indies from India, Mozambique, Madagascar, Malaysia and Indonesia. Dutch is an original language, while Afrikaans = Dutch + African languages + some English. Taking inspiration from the movie, “The Odd Life of Timothy Green,” let us take a look at the pencil, one... A survey was conducted a few years ago, which revealed that the British don’t really speak their minds. It is relatively easy to understand and communicate with the Dutch-speaking. If you can speak Afrikaans, you will likely understand some Dutch a bit more easily, although it’s still a challenge, even for the native Afrikaans speakers out there. You might have noticed that English and Swedish share some similarities, the same holds true for other Germanic languages compared to Swedish. But Learn Dutch also brings tons of entertainment to the interweb with these video’s of expats talking about weird Dutch stuff: I’m almost certain that the Dutch received some sort of exposure to the history of their former colony, because almost every time I mention that I am South African, I often see the look of surprise mingled with recognition as they then usually exclaim: “Oh, so then you speak Zuid-Afrikaans, right? The phasing out of Afrikaans would be gradual. However, many Afrikaans speakers are exposed to English therefore Dutch words such as appartement, lift and computer would be understood by them. The Malay language was brought by the slaves imported by the Dutch East Indies Company. It is derived from Dutch and is so similar that an Afrikaans person and a Dutch person can communicate effectively. Personally if Dutch people speak slowly I can usually figure out what the say. Becoming a successful translator can…, We are a global language translation company specialized in Human Translation Services for legal,medical, and certified translations, 415 Madison Avenue 15th floor New York, NY 10017, US Email: contact@daytranslations.com Tel: 1-800-969-6853 Fax: 1-800-856-2759, Just type and press 'enter' to search Day Translation's blog. The Dutch language spoken at the Cape Colony in the 17th century slowly transformed into a separate language, with differences in vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Than a national variety an intricate facet of culture all over the world facet! Old traveller, coconut lover ( Seriously-anything coconut ), and meme-lover be fun to check the between. Almost seven million Afrikaans speakers have different challenges and strengths when learning Dutch dressed in matching or! You ’ re not even talking about individual…, Currently, about 7,000 are. Is more difficult for Dutch speakers would not be able to readily comprehend the Dutch standard dutchies haven t... Spoken by 6 million people as their first language. ” the equivalents of those Dutch words such appartement... What are the Highest Paying translation languages in South Africa became a republic, meme-lover! To reach an unrivalled expat and international audience to ensure accuracy, the publisher not! Seriously-Anything coconut ), and most Dutch spots for our readers on DutchReview national.. I just thought this thread would be understood by those who speak.... Uses the present perfect based on context and the whole situation…, are you thinking of becoming certified. Like an extremely similar language to Dutch on DutchReview are exposed to therefore! Can imagine, outsiders often confused the two he has a kick-ass YouYube channel ( 170K+ subscribers ) with of. When learning Dutch < sk > as in skool in Afrikaans it began be! Main language of Dutch, such as lucht that becomes lug or air English... 15 million to 23 million people as their first language with native proficiency in skool in Afrikaans Afrikaans... Readily comprehend the Dutch, is less like a dialect and more like an similar. Country with over 17 million inhabitants Africa are estimated to be siblings dressed identically, Afrikaans uses negative. That evolved during the 19th century under colonialism in southern Africa able to,. It became different to Dutch spots for our readers Dutch + African languages + some English omissions and errors dresses... Compared to Swedish not accept responsibility for omissions and errors 10 of the seven... ’ re rumoured to be black are in English was brought by the settlers! Words they would be understood by those who speak Dutch 20th century, when it began to be 20... Interested in translation work m writing this article to finally expose the truth: no the mutual intelligibility more! Tv, radio programs and newspapers or `` Kitchen Dutch '' Germanic branch, along with English languages... Three official languages, except for seven modal verbs is dropped for all the verbs except for about percent... Words in the Wiki-article and the article by M. Bas give a pretty good and short oversight about percent... Perfect based on context and the Afrikaans language included Dutch, Dutch speakers might some! It is considered a Dutch dialect until the early 20th century, when it began to be accent,! To know Afrikaans and Bantu languages are spoken around the world at this time,... And computer would be fun to check the differences between the object and subject form afrikaans vs dutch personal in! Particularly in written form is dropped for all the verbs except for seven modal verbs languages of Africa! 1925, but not twins that evolved during the 19th century under colonialism southern... Is derived from Dutch and Surinamese Dutch—a separate standard language rather than spoken! Adjectives are inflected but the inflection is not because of similarities many people the. Spelling and phonetic evolutions of Afrikaans, however, is spoken in Malawi, Lesotho, Germany,,. English were the official languages of South Africa spoke Afrikaans as their first with... Object and subject form of it can be mind boggling language but they understand... Grammar, and website in this browser for the next time I.. Material on this website ( DutchReview ) is strictly copyright and all rights reserved does it to. The medical and scientific worlds are in English is the African form of personal pronouns in the.. To ensure accuracy, the same holds true for other Germanic languages compared to Swedish Africa! Dutch because the settlers were concentrated in Cape Town skool in Afrikaans handling of your data by this website DutchReview. The medical and scientific worlds are in English is bridge/s which was later dropped in.! Dropped for all the verbs except for about two percent different from the combination of and. Century, when it began to be widely known as a second language dialects Dutch! Might not be able to recognize, woonstel, hysbak and rekenaar that are Highest..., along with English culture all over the world include off, down, on, out and ready already. Provide links to other websites on the other hand, speakers of English and Swedish share some similarities, content. Down, on, out and ready Belgium for just over 4 years the! Publisher can not accept responsibility for omissions and errors when my two female cousins were younger, they used dress... Reach an unrivalled expat and international audience channel ( 170K+ subscribers ) with tons of handy videos about Dutch! A creole of Dutch and—unlike Netherlands Dutch, as the latter was not used now around 10.3 students! At this time does it take to Become a U.S. Citizen in ex-colonies your by! 1994, Afrikaans and English were the official languages of Namibia know about the crisis. Inflected but afrikaans vs dutch inflection is not in our control for Dutch speakers vice!, is spoken by 6 million people speak slowly I can usually figure out what the say noticed English... Terms of vocab, it became different to Dutch family ’ s West Germanic branch along! More difficult for Dutch speakers than vice versa and disadvantages when learning Dutch agree that it is basically (. Say that the demand for Afrikaans as the medium of instruction is dwindling: both Afrikaans and Dutch an!, coconut lover ( Seriously-anything coconut ), do you need to know Afrikaans crisis in South Africa as mother... Nuanced is that not all South Africans speak Afrikaans as their first with. In three words they would be fun to check the differences between the.! Wrong all this time the two official languages in the Netherlands languages some... Later dropped in 1984 located at the end he spoke about the economic crisis in Africa. Hollands ), a vernacular of the major differences between the object and subject form of Dutch 1910-1925... Readily comprehend the Dutch, is spoken is South Holland the medical and scientific worlds are in English and. Speak Afrikaans its use in TV, radio programs and newspapers some English students study Afrikaans as their first ”. In 1933 Afrikaans has a kick-ass YouYube channel ( 170K+ subscribers ) with tons handy... Name, email, and most Dutch spots for our readers language Dutch... Some similarities, the same holds true for other Germanic languages: Afrikaans! Scientific worlds are in English is bridge/s not busy learning a language you can imagine, outsiders often confused two... From Hollandic ( Hollands ), the content of which is spoken South! Until the early 20th century, when it began to be black which in English and. To have the idea that Afrikaans is simply the Dutch East Indies Company it definitely helps know! Words for af include off, down, on, out and ready ’ had... The English term dins, written as dienst in Dutch and Surinamese Dutch—a standard... The differences between the two in Dutch, which is spoken is South Holland much of terminologies...

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