In the First World War, for example, quotes from the speech were posted as advertisements in London buses, to inspire the reader with patriotic spirit. Played 15 times. 1. Compare Antigone and Pericles funeral oration or the Melian dialogue. This question hasn't been … neither is poverty an obstacle; a man … How is the speech structured? . Indeed, as Pericles argues in sections 5-6, if you're prosperous and successful you should be less afraid of death than someone who is poor and wretched; the unfortunate man hasn't got much honour or much hope of improving his situation, whereas the fortunate man runs the constant risk as long as he's alive that his fortunes will change and he'll suffer the abject humilation of losing everything. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech throughout the war, in 430 BC. Thucydides wrote the funeral oration of Pericles *during* the Peloponesian war, while he was recording the events of the war. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Look for answers to questions raised in your reading. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… His speech gives great insight into Athenian life and culture, especially government. Answer to: Why did Pericles give the Funeral Oration? Pericles occupies a central role for two reasons. From Pericles Funeral Oration. ), Thucydides and the Modern World (Cambridge, 2012). Why should citizens fight to defend their city, in Pericles' view? Hermann Strasburger, ‘Thucydides and the political self-portrait of the Athenians’, in Jeffrey S. Rusten (ed. Question: Question 1 1 Pts Readings: Thucydides:Intro And Pericles' Funeral Oration: Who Made Athens Great? Play. They now live on eternally in people's memories. Homework.  The unfortunate who has no hope of a change for the better has less reason to throw away his life than the prosperous who, if he survive, is always liable to a change for the worse, and to whom any accidental fall makes the most serious difference. 4) According to Pericles how do … Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." 1 Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration I will speak first of our ancestors, for it is right and seemly that now, when we are lamenting the dead, a tribute should be paid to their memory. Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. How does Pericles depict the men who have died? Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. It is often referred to as Assembly of the People. Funeral orations usually reserved the praise for the dead. How does the structure support this message? In the Funeral Oration, he discusses subjects such as the superiority of the Athenian compared to other civilisations. What did he mean?' After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Pericles . Pericles eulogized Athens itself, using the occasion to rally Athens and Athenians by reminding them of their traditions, beliefs, and glory. His words are a powerful expression of the duty of every citizen to fight to defend democracy and freedom – but if, like Thucydides, you have some doubts about the justice of the wisdom of the war, then this starts to look more like dangerous propaganda. University of Bristol Their empire was dismantled, and Sparta became the most powerful Greek city-state. What picture of Athenian democracy does the speech give? Practice. The Athenians would go on to lose the war with Sparta. In an essay, describe Antigone’s, Creon’s, and Pericles’ respective answers to these questions. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. In the speech, Pericles describes the superior qualities of Athenian democracy as compared with … Questions on this quiz are based on information from Pericles. This quiz is incomplete! The Funeral Oration was recognised as a rhetorical masterpiece, and so from the sixteenth century onwards it was often included in collections of ancient speeches that were used to teach students the principles of rhetoric. Pericles … ), Thucydides (Oxford, 2009) – originally published in 1958. Favorite Answer. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. It should allows equal justice, despite social class, and also extends freedom to ordinary lives.Athenian was the first form of democracy, practiced directly by the adult male citizens of Athens. Pericles Funeral Oration. Oration Pericles' Funeral Oration painted by Philipp Foltz in 1852. Relevance. Thucydides had to rely on memory, his own and others’, and said himself that the speeches in his work were not exact records of what was said but presented the speaker’s main points and what was appropriate to the situation (see I.22). After falling from vigor, he wrote his account of the struggle from his factor of view. Question 3 The author of the document is Athenian historian, Thucydides Question 4 According to the author, Athenians are set apart from their neighbors and adversaries through; Their Constitution, does not copy laws of … Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles funeral oration essay questions Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman pericles funeral oration essay questions during the Peloponnesian War. rolomoore77 rolomoore77 12/10/2020 History High School Read this quotation from Pericles’s Funeral Oration in ancient Athens. Bosworth, ‘The historical context of Thucydides’ Funeral Oration’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 120 (2000), Nicole Loraux, The Invention of Athens: the funeral oration in the classical city (Cambridge MA, 1986), Jennifer Talbot Roberts, ‘Mourning and democracy’, in Katherine Harloe & Neville Morley (eds. John. Pericles praises Athens so that people will keep fighting; he praises the sacrifices of the dead so that others will imitate them. It was given in the 5th-century by Pericles. Pericles eulogized … Favorite Answer . Pericles's funeral oration was recorded by the Athenian historian Thucydides (c. 460–c.  For the whole earth is the sepulchre of famous men; not only are they commemorated by columns and inscriptions in their own country, but in foreign lands there dwells also an unwritten memorial of them, graven not on stone but in the hearts of men. 3. Pericles describe Athenian democracy: Democracy should favor the majority of the people, not just a select few. everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public service, not as a matter of privilege, but as reward for his abilities. Uncategorized. The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. 2 Answers. The value of such a spirit is not to be expressed in words. a year ago. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the actual dead got fought pertaining to. Many historians believe that Thucydides likely edited the speech to some extent. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (With Corresponding Questions) Pericles (around 495-429 B.C.E.) Queens Road John. Scholars found a written record of this speech. He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in the first year of the brutal Peloponnesian War against Sparta, Athens’s chief rival. Understanding the Passage (Key Questions) Understanding the Passage (Some Answers) Further Reading . Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. The Ancient Greek historian Thucydides recorded a speech made by the Athenian leader Pericles in honor of those who died fighting Sparta in the first year of The Peloponnesian war (431 B.C). In books of quotations, the Funeral Oration always provides most of the entries for Thucydides; these are the lines he is most famous for, and politicians – especially in the United States – regularly quote these lines in speeches. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Certainly citizens were expected to fight for their city, but actually falling in love with the city is Pericles' own idea. However, it started as an ancient Greek art form. But if they were worthy of praise, still more … 1 decade ago. 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